Uttarakhand is the Republic of India’s 27th state. Uttarakhand became an Indian state on Nov 9th, 2000. It was once known as Uttaranchal after being formed from Uttar Pradesh. It is located in the northwestern part of the country, bordering China and Nepal.
The Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh share a boundary with Uttarakhand. The state of Uttarakhand’s capital is Dehradun. Natural treasures abound, including steep peaks, glistening lakes and streams, lush forests, a comfortable climate, a plethora of adventure sports destinations, and important Hindu pilgrimage sites.
Uttarakhand is a popular tourist destination for people from all over the world. In Uttarakhand, be “ATITHI” to have a close look at nature and its wondrous beauty.
Some of Uttarakhand’s Proud Factors and Major Achievements
The state has the following uniqueness –
- Project Tiger was launched in Corbett National Park on 1st April 1973.
- Corbett National Park, established in 1936 is the first National Park in the Asian Mainland.
- Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks are designated as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
- Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES) was established on 9 Nov 2000 at Nainital in Uttarakhand.
- THE COUNTRY’S FIRST Conservation Reserve, Asan Wetland and Jhilmil Tal.
- Chipko Movement was started in the 1970s in Uttarakhand by Gaura Devi to stop deforestation.
- The Kumaon Regiment and Garhwal Rifles are the most decorated infantry regiment of the Indian Army from Uttarakhand.
- Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology is the first agricultural university of India situated at Pantnagar in Uttarakhand.
Culture and Religions
Uttarakhand is divided into two parts: the Kumaon region as well as the Garhwal region. Different cultures, traditions, and foods can be found here.The people of Uttarakhand are known as ‘Paharis’ (People of the mountains). About 90% of the state’s population is Hindu (speaking Kumaoni and Garhwali), with the balance being Muslim, Buddhist, or of other faiths.
Uttarakhand’s regional languages are Garhwali and Kumaoni. The sculptural art, crafts, dance, and music of Uttarakhand have traditionally been at the core of Hindu culture. Uttarakhand’s culture is a well-balanced mix of exoticism and philosophy.
Several festivals are held throughout the year throughout the state. Makar Sankranti (Ghughutia), Basant Panchami, Phool Dei, Harela, Batsavitri, and Ganga Dussehra are just a few of the well-known festivities.Major Indian festivals such as Holi, Diwali, Navratri, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, and Christmas are also celebrated in Uttrakhand.
Treasures of Uttarakhand (Destinations)
The state of Uttarakhand is also known as the “Land of the Gods” (Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand). Pilgrims from all over the world visit Uttarakhand’s pilgrimages in search of peace & tranquillity. The majority of Uttarakhand’s holy sites are located at a height of 10,000 feet above sea level.
Uttarakhand’s Deforestation Rivers are the Ganga and Yamuna. These two rivers are known as life-giving rivers. Chardham refers to the four pilgrimages of Badrinath, Gangotri, Kedarnath, and Yamunotri. It is said that everyone who journeys to Chardham once in his life will receive salvation after their death. There are numerous additional sacred sites associated with people’s faith and belief in their God. Panch Kedar, Panch Prayag are some of the holy spots in Uttarakhand that visitors visit all year.
Uttarakhand is home to several large, natural mountains. Nainital, Dehradun, Mussoorie, Ranikhet, Almora, and Bageshwar are some of Uttarakhand’s most beautiful hill stations. Wonderful hill stations can be found throughout the state.
The state of Uttarakhand is also known for its glaciers. Pindari, Gangotri, Khatling, Sundar Dhunga, Milam, Dukhroni, Chetrangi, and Jumdar are some of Uttarakhand’s well-known glaciers. Nainital, Sattal, Bhimtal, Nachketatal, Kadaktal, Bhadarsartal, Kakbushandital, Vasukhital, and other dazzling lakes can be found in Uttarakhand.
Uttarakhand is also well-known for its numerous adventure sports. Uttarakhand’s mountains and water bodies are perfect for adventure sports including skiing, trekking, kayaking & rafting.
Auli, Ugyal, Kuari, Tapovan, Kedarnath, Hemkund, Nilkantha Peak, Nainital, Rishikesh, Bhimtal, and other renowned adventure sports destinations. Throughout the year, these locations attract a large number of visitors.
It has a wealth of animal and plant, flora & fauna; life as well as breathtakingly beautiful vistas for nature lovers.Corbett National Park (Nainital), Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary (Chamoli), Nanda Devi National Park (Chamoli), Valley of Flowers (Chamoli), Assan Barrage and Rajaji National Park are some of Uttarakhand’s most well-known wildlife sanctuaries (Dehradun).